Before deciding where to excavate, archaeologists frequently conduct archaeological surveys to examine the area of interest for artifacts and surface-level items. Archaeological survey is non-intrusive, meaning that archaeologists do not disrupt the site location when looking for artifacts. If an area has a rich layer of artifacts on the surface, it may indicate a good location for excavation. Archaeologists employ various technologies and techniques in archaeological survey such as field-walking, GPS, LiDAR, and aerial photography.
In our Archaeological Methods course during Spring Term 2017, we examined two separate locations near Carleton’s campus using archaeological survey methods. On April 11, 2017, we surveyed the cornfield in Carleton’s lower Arboretum stretching alongside highway 19. We used a side-by-side field-walking approach in teams to survey the area. See map below for survey units covered:
Our second archaeological survey took place on the Pine Hill Village site on Carleton’s campus just behind current day Goodhue Hall. We used three fieldwork days in class to survey the grid stretching over the archaeological site below:
The following pages and interactive map explain our survey methods and research results from fieldwork days in ARCN 246: